Physics has made enormous progress since Einstein. He never dreamed of such progress in basic research, and certainly could not imagine that his work would lead to practical uses. Much new knowledge in both the fields of macrophysics and microphysics can be attributed to Einstein. In cosmology, the Big Bang Theory and the expansion of the Universe is continually confirmed by new evidence. Today astrophysics investigates phenomena such as gravitational waves, black holes and gravitational lenses whose verifiability Einstein questioned. In microphysics, a standard model is established that approaches Einstein's idea of a unification of fundamental forces. Einstein's thoughts on light lead to unimagined possibilities for investigation. Physics was enriched with phenomena that can not be clearly assigned to the micro- or macro-world. For example, Boss-Einstein condensation was only proven ten year ago. Furthermore, microphysics and macrophysics are no loger distinct worlds - for example, when dealing with the birth of a new Universe.